Biden tells Saudi King he will hold them responsible for human rights abuse

2 months ago 13

President Joe Biden declared that he would hold Saudi Arabia 'accountable' for Crown Prince Muhammad bin Salman's green lighting of the 'outrageous' operation to murder journalist Jamal Khashoggi, adding that he had spoken with King Salman about the decision. 

Biden was speaking with Univision when he issued the scathing rebuke, slamming the Trump administration for refusing to release the damning report that showed that the Saudi royal ordered the killing of the exiled journalist. 

'I spoke yesterday with the king ... Made it clear to him that the rules are changing and we're going to be announcing significant changes today and on Monday. We are going to hold them accountable for human rights abuses,' Biden said in an interview with Univision. 

Biden was speaking with Univision when he issued the scathing rebuke, slamming the Trump administration for refusing to release the damning report

'I spoke yesterday with the king ... Made it clear to him that the rules are changing and we're going to be announcing significant changes today and on Monday,' Biden said in reference to his talk with King Salman (right) 

'If they want to deal with us, they will have to deal with it in a way that the human rights abuses are dealt with,' he continued. 

Saudi Arabia's de facto ruler, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, approved an operation to capture or kill murdered journalist Jamal Khashoggi in 2018, according to U.S. intelligence released on Friday. 

Biden said that once he got his hands on the report, he worked to 'immediately' read and release it. 

'It is outrageous what happened,' he asserted. 

'It is outrageous what happened,' the president said of the operation to kill Jamal Khashoggi (pictured)

The Biden administration released a declassified report by U.S. intelligence Friday that concludes Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Muhammad bin Salman 'approved' the operation that killed Jamal Khashoggi – but it took no action against the crown prince himself.

Despite the unequivocal conclusions of the assessment, the administration stopped short of imposing any diplomatic or economic sanctions on the heir to the throne of the influential ally. 

In a policy announcement that followed the release of the intelligence assessment, the Treasury Department said it would sanction Saudi individuals and the crown prince's Rapid Intervention Force, but not the crown prince.  

Secretary of State Antony Blinken released a statement stating the world was 'horrified' by Khashoggi's killing, and announcing a new 'Khashoggi ban' visa restriction on people linked to 'counter-dissident activities.'

He said the government has taken action against 76 individuals, but did not identify Khashoggi. 

The assessment, which is dated February 11 and says it was declassified Thursday, cites the 'control' MBS holds over the security apparatus in the kingdom, where he is considered the most powerful figure. 

A declassified intelligence report from the Biden administration names Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman as the man who approved the 2018 killing of Jamal Khashoggi

Although fellow Democrats welcomed Biden's release of the summary findings, some called for his administration to do more against the 35-year old crown prince.

Sen. Tim Kaine (D-Va.) said after the release of the assessment: 'I'm not happy with the lack of accountability for MBS.'

'He ordered it and President Trump knew it,' Kaine told CNN.

Sen. Ron Wyden (D-Ore.), who authored the law requiring the report be released, said: 'There should be personal consequences for MBS — he should suffer sanctions, including financial, travel and legal — and the Saudi government should suffer grave consequences as long as he remains in the government,' Politico reported. 'There is considerably more to declassify here.' 

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi called out MBS by name in a statement, but stopped short of criticizing the Biden administration.

'The chilling report from the Intelligence Community confirms what the world has long known: that Jamal Khashoggi was brutally murdered at the direction of top Saudi officials, including Crown Prince Muhammad bin Salman. This heinous event is an affront to the rule of law and to the most basic understanding of human rights,' she said.

'The United States government must re-evaluate and recalibrate the relationship with Saudi Arabia, given the findings of this report, which are part of a disturbing pattern of human rights abuses from the Kingdom,' she continued.

She said the Congress 'stands with President Biden in promoting transparency relating to human rights abuses' and backed visa denials for 'human rights abusers.'

Tweeted House Intelligence chairman Rep. Adam Schiff (D-Calif.): 'The highest levels of the Saudi government, including Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, are responsible for the brutal murder of Jamal Khashoggi. There must be accountability, and we will continue to press for it.'

He told CNN Friday: 'It's discordant to say the least that you go after those that follow the orders to kill someone, but not the person who gave the orders.' He called for 'shunning the crown prince and going after assets of the crown prince that may have been used in this operation.'

Pentagon spokesman Admiral John Kirby indicated that direct consultation with MBS would continue at a lower level, following a contact between MBS and Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin. 

'I believe that will, yes,' he told the network. 'It's not uncommon that top leadership of nations are not themselves personally under sanction for actions like this,' he explained.

According to the report by the Director of National Intelligence: 'We assess that Saudi Arabia's crown prince Muhammad bin Salman approved an operation in Istanbul, Turkey to capture or kill Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi.'

'We base this assessment on the Crown Prince's control of decision making in the Kingdom, the direct involvement of a key adviser and members of Muhammad bin Slaman's protective detail in the operation, and the Crown Prince's support for using violent measures to silence dissidents abroad, including Khashoggi,' it reads. 

The report points to the crown prince's 'absolute control of the Kindom's security and intelligence organizations,' in a kingdom where his authority is already well established.

The failure to penalize the crown prince drew criticism from some senior Democrats. 

Biden's security team spent weeks hashing out the issue and settling on a response.

Advisors told the New York Times a 'consensus' emerged that the risk of a rupture in the relationship, which is required on counterterrorism and other matters, was too high. 

The U.S. has worked with the Saudis and other Sunni majority nations in an effort to contain Iran – whose proxy forces were the target of the U.S. military strike launched in Syria Thursday. Fifteen of the Sept. 11th hijackers including Osama bin Laden were from Saudi Arabia, and the U.S. counts on the Saudis to keep pressure on anti-American forces in their own homeland. The Kingdom is second to the U.S. in oil production. 

Sen. Robert Menendez (D-N.J.), the chair of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, called the administration actions 'only a first step,' and mentioned additional actions on arms sales to the Saudis and Magnitsky Act sanctions. 

The release of the report does not provide any information on looming political decisions – including whether to impose U.S. sanctions on a critical powerbroker of a strategic ally.  

Although the four-page assessment provide no new facts to the crime, elements of which were captured on video and recordings that brought public attention to the sensational killing, it contains several statements about where power lies and the direct connections to the crown prince.

Khashoggi was a dissident and Washington Post columnist who was murdered in 2018

This video grab made on October 10, 2018 from CCTV footage obtained from Turkish news agency DHA shows Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi (R) arriving at the Saudi Arabian consulate in Istanbul on October 2, 2018 - Khashoggi, a Washington Post contributor, vanished on October 2 after entering the consulate to obtain official documents ahead of his marriage to his Turkish fiancee

President Donald Trump, flanked by White House senior advisor Jared Kushner, meets with Saudi Arabia's Deputy Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman at the Ritz Carlton Hotel in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia May 20, 2017

Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman maintains 'absolute control of the Kindom's security and intelligence organizations,' according to the assessment

It says the crown prince has 'absolute control of the Kingdom's security and intelligence organizations, making it highly unlikely that Saudi officials would have carried out an operation of this nature without the Crown Prince's authorization.

It cites 'the crown prince's control of decision-making in the kingdom.'   

It says the 15-member hit squad that traveled to Istanbul 'included officials who worked for, or were associated with, the Saudi Center for Studies and Media Affairs (CSMARC) at the Royal Court. It says the group is led by Saud al-Qahtani, a 'close advisor' to MBS, who claimed publicly in mid 2018 that he did not make decisions without his approval.

It also included members of his elite personal detail – the Rapid Intervention Force. It exists 'to defend the Crown Prince, answers only to him, and had directly participated in earlier dissident suppression operations in the Kingdom and abroad and the Crown Prince's direction.

The assessment lists 21 people who it said U.S. intelligence had 'high confidence' participated in, 'ordered,' or were 'otherwise complicit in or responsible' for Khashoggi's death.

It states that 'we do not know' whether they knew in advance it would result in his death. 

The office of the Director of National Intelligence released a declassified report on the killing of Jamal Khashoggi that identified the crown prince approved the killing

Its release ads another chapter to the horrific killing of Khashoggi in 2018, and poses a challenge to U.S. relations with a strategic ally, major arms purchaser, and oil power. 

It was declassified by Director of National Intelligence Avril Haines. 

 The Treasury Department announced it was slapping sanctions on Ahmad Hassan Mohammed al Asiri, the former Deputy Head of Saudi Arabia's General Intelligence Presidency.

A Treasury release, which does not mention MBS, said Asiri 'was assigned to murder journalist Khashogg' and that 'Asiri himself was the ringleader of the operation and coordinated with Saud al-Qahtani to organize and dispatch the 15-man team to murder and dismember Khashoggi on October 2, 2018 inside the Saudi Consulate in Turkey.'

President Joe Biden this week spoke with Saudi Arabia's King Salman, 85, who the White House noted was his counterpart. The Trump administration had extensive contacts with MBS. 

White House Press Secretary Jen Psaki, who is traveling with Biden, declined to say whether Biden brought up the killing, which was not mentioned in an official readout of their conversation.

'I don't have more to read out from the call' she said. She said that 'broadly' the president and officials 'at every level' have raised human rights concerns.   

'Let me first say that we've been clear at every level that our intention is to recalibrate the relationship and this will be a different relationship with the Saudi government,' she said.

Congress ordered the report to be released, although the Trump administration did not do so. She declined to say if any further actions would occur, saying only to 'stay tuned.' 

Asked if Biden had any concerns about MBS being in the succession, she responded: 'This is for the, the government of Saudi Arabia to determine the path forward on their future leadership. I will say that the President has been clear, and we've been clear by our actions that we're going to recalibrate the relationship, including ensuring that engagement happens counterpart to counterpart.' 

The crown prince has denied involvement in the October 2018 murder of Khashoggi, a Saudi dissident who wrote columns critical of MBS. MBS did accept responsibility for the assassination as the de facto ruler of Saudi Arabia. And Riyadh eventually admitted that Khashoggi was killed in an 'rogue' extradition operation gone wrong.

Five men were given the death penalty for the journalist's murder but had their sentences commuted to 20 years in prison after being forgiven by Khashoggi's family. 

Khashoggi fled Saudi Arabia in September 2017 to live in self-imposed exile. He was writing columns critical of the Saudi government - including of both King Salman and MBS - for The Washington Post when he was killed.

In October 2018, Khashoggi visited the Saudi Consulate in Istanbul, to pick up the paperwork required for his marriage to a Turkish citizen. He was never seen leaving.

Inside Saudi Arabia following the release of the assessment, the top trending tweet was 'We are all Mohammed bin Salman.' 

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