Cutest dog breeds according to ancient Greek mathematical formula are revealed

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What is the Golden Ratio?

The Golden Ratio is a mathematical formula devised in ancient Greece to determine 'physical perfection' by comparing measurements, ratios and symmetry.  

During the Renaissance, artists and Architects used the equation, also known as Phi, as an aid during the creation of their masterpieces.

Scientists have since adapted the mathematical formula, which equates to 1/1.618, to explain what makes a person beautiful.

The length and the width of someone's face is measured and then the results are divided. 

Measurements are then taken from the forehead hairline to the spot between the eyes, from the spot between the eyes and the bottom of the nose and from the bottom of the nose to the bottom of the chin.

A person is considered to be more beautiful if the numbers are equal. Attention is then given to the symmetry and proportion of the face.  

George Clooney and supermodel Bella Hadid score highly using the formula. 

Dalmatians have taken the top spot in a ranking of the most beautiful dogs in the world.  

The black and white spotted breed has been ranked according to an ancient Greek formula used to identify 'physical perfection'. 

Known as the Golden Ratio, the formula compares the measurements, ratios and symmetry of facial features. 

The mathematical equation was used by Leonardo Da Vinci for the perfect human male body in his famous work, the Vitruvian Man.

It has since been adapted by scientists to determine the Greek definition of perfect beauty - with celebrities like actor George Clooney and supermodel Bella Hadid scoring high according to the formula. 

The 23-year-old model was found to be 94.35% 'accurate' to the Golden Ratio while the 56-year-old actor's features were found to be 91.86 per cent accurate. 

Now the equation has been used to determine the cutest dog breeds around the world. 

Dalmatians came out as top dog, with family favourites including the Golden Retriever, Jack Russell and the Irish Water Spaniel, the largest of the spaniel breed with brown curly fur, also appearing on the list. 

US website MoneyBeach, which compares pet insurance, looked at face-on photos of each canine.

It then calculated their level of attractiveness based on the distance of the breed's eyes, ears, nostrils and tongue. 

Analysts were then able to come up with a percentage that showed how much or how little each dog adhered to the Golden Ratio.

Of the top 100 dog breeds, only 10 received a percentage that was higher than 62.5%.

Here are the most beautiful dog breeds, and their scores according to the Golden Ratio. Does your pet make the list? 

1. Dalmatian - 67.03% 

The Dalmatian dog breed took the top spot as the most beautiful dog breed, according to the study

So-named because its origins can be traced back to the Dalmatian coast of Croatia, this breed originated as a hunting dog in Eastern Europe. 

The large-sized dog has a white coat covered black or liver-coloured spots and they are active, muscular, strong animals that require a lot of exercise. 

2. Irish Water Spaniel - 66.26% 

The Irish Water Spaniel was also considered to score high on the Golden Ratio standards of perfection 

The Irish Water Spaniel is the largest of the spaniel breeds and can often be mistaken for a brown poodle because of its top knot and the tight curls that cover its body. 

The dogs of this breed typically have high intelligence and learn easily, but experts warn they also have a stubborn side that do not make them ideal pets for first-time dog owners. 

3. Wire Fox Terrier - 65.53% 

According to the formula, the symmetry of the Wire Fox Terrier's facial features is also considered beautiful

The Wire Fox breed was part of a much wider breed of terriers bred to chase small game from their dens.

Once a mainstay of traditional British foxhunts, this type of terrier was taught to chase foxes. 

The breed was made popular when Wire Fox Terrier Caesar was revealed as the favourite dog of King Edward VII.

4. Labrador Retriever - 64.67% 

The popular Labrador Retriever breed featured at number four on the list of rankings

The Labrador Retriever, often abbreviated to Labrador, is one of the most popular dog breeds in the western world. 

The breed originated from 'fishing dogs' imported from Canada, where they take their name from a region in the country. They would help fishermen haul nets, fetch ropes, and retrieve fish. 

It was then bred into a retriever-gun dog by pet owners in the UK. Their friendly nature means Labradors now have lots of different roles, including assistance and search and rescue dogs.

5. Basset Hound - 64.43% 

Experts looked at face-on photos of each canine and calculated their level of attractiveness

The Basset Hound has an excellent sense of smell and so was bred for hunting small game such as rabbit.

The short-legged breed of dog has loose face skin and large drooping ears like other hounds, which gives the breed a sad look. 

6. Samoyed - 63.86% 

They based the scores on the distance of the breed's eyes, ears, nostrils and tongue. Pictured: A Samoyed

Samoyeds take their name from the Samoyedic peoples of Siberia, nomadic reindeer herders who bred the fluffy white dogs to help guard and round up their flock. 

The dogs were also used for hunting and hauling sledges in the cold winter climate. 

The Samoyed's tail is one of the breed's distinguishing features as it is carried curled over the back, and they often have brown tints on the tips of their ears. 

7. Jack Russell Terrier - 63.86% 

Analysts were then able to come up with a percentage that showed how much or how little each dog adhered to the Golden Ratio

The second terrier to feature in the top 10, Jack Russells were also originally bred to hunt foxes but were increasingly used as family and companion dogs after World War II. 

They are an energetic breed that require a high level of exercise. Prime Minister Boris Johnson and Carrie Symonds adopted a Jack Russell cross named Dilyn from an animal rescue charity in Wales.

8. Rottweiler - 63.65% 

Of the top 100 dog breeds, only 10 received a percentage that was higher than 62.5%. Pictured: A Rottweiler

Best known as a guard dog in modern times, Rottweilers were originally bred to drive cattle to market and were later used to pull carts for butchers, according to Dog Time. 

They are considered to be one of the oldest dog breeds with its origins dating back to Roman times. 

Although still used to herd stock in many parts of the world, Rottweilers are now also used as search and rescue or police dogs. 

9. St Bernard - 62.94% 

The St Bernard dog breed (pictured) also scored in the top 10 in the unusual study

Famous for its large size and its role in search and rescue operations, the St Bernard breed is a working dog originally from the Alps in Switzerland. 

It takes its name from the traveller's hospice on the treacherous Great St Bernard Pass between Switzerland and Italy named after an Italian monk from the 11th century. 

The collective name for a large group of Saint Bernards is a 'floof'.   

10. Golden Retriever - 62.52% 

Golden Retrievers were also featured on the list, which was compiled by the website MoneyBeach

The Golden Retriever's name comes from its ability to bring back fowl and birds undamaged due to their soft mouths.

Their retrieving ability has made them popular gun-dogs for hunting parties over the centuries.

They are also now well known disability assistance dogs as they are intelligent and highly trainable. 

The 20 most beautiful dogs breeds - and their Golden Ratio scores

 1. Dalmatian - 67.03%

2. Irish Water Spaniel - 66.26% 

3. Wire Fox Terrier - 65.53%

4. Labrador Retreiver - 64.67%

5. Basset Hound - 64.43% 

6. Samoyed - 64.33%

7. Jack Russell Terrier - 63.86%

8. Rottweiler - 63.65% 

9. St Bernard - 62.94%

10. Golden Retriever - 62.52% 

11. Newfoundland - 62.07%

12. Pug - 61.44%

13. Schnauzer - 59.01%

14. Leonberger - 58.99%

15. Cavapoo - 58.79%

16. Springador - 58.69%

17. Siberian Husky - 58.48%

18. Bernese Mountain Dog - 56.76%

19. Old English Bulldog -  56.30%

20. Bloodhound-  56.05% 

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